Background to the Program
In Uganda the annual increment of the population in urban areas is 2.1%, and by 2014, it was estimated that about 16% of Uganda’s population was living in urban areas (United Nations 2015). It is also estimated that at least 90% of Uganda’s population use wood products in form of charcoal and firewood as fuel for food preparation.
Projections show that if appropriate mitigation measures are not urgently implemented, the earth’s temperature will be raised by 2.6°C by 2050. In Uganda, the forest cover declined from 10.8M ha (53% of the land area) in 1890 to 3.6 M ha (14% of land area) in 2005 (NFA 2008)
During the period 1990 - 2005, total forest cover in the country decreased by about 27%, representing an annual decline of about 1.8% (UBOS 2014).
About 88% of total energy consumption is biomass in the form of firewood and charcoal for cooking. The deficit in forest fuel supply is growing and the demand for wood is expected to triple by 2025 which threatens to severely diminish the resource base and biodiversity as well as expose dependent populations to increased vulnerability, disease and poverty.
While the African continent has a variety of energy resources, including abundant biomass and water resources, ideal solar conditions and wind, only water and biomass (firewood and non woody biomass) are significantly exploited.
To alleviate the situation, CIP aims to firstly decrease the use of biomass through promotion of efficient use of energy in peri-urban communities and institutions and secondly, promote afforestation by working with communities to plant trees for multiple benefits including commercially exploitable trees which will have the added benefit of economic empowerment at household and community levels.
To protect the environment and reduce the adverse effects of Climate change.
- To encourage the use of energy saving techniques in order to reverse the wood fuel crisis in Uganda
- To promote afforestation
- To create awareness on the dangers of deforestation.
- To introduce new fast growing, commercial wood varieties in order to protect the Old threatened trees.